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  2. Sassanelli C., Urbinati A., Rosa P., Chiaroni D., Terzi S. (2020) 'Addressing circular economy through design for X approaches: Asystematic literature review'. Computers in Industry, Vol. 120, N. 103245 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2020.103245
  3. Hello everyone, please participate in our poll, help us to obtain your valuable feedback and receive prizes from FENIX partner. In this section you can state your alternative options to initiate a new discussion.
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    On behalf of PrusaPrinters. https://www.prusaprinters.org/prints/25857-prusa-face-shield A prototype face shield that we developed. In three days, we went through dozens of prototypes and two verifications with the Czech Ministry of Health.

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  5. Dear all, I found the Prusa Face Shield in PrusaPrinters community (a community of 3D printer users). "A prototype face shield that we developed. In three days, we went through dozens of prototypes and two verifications with the Czech Ministry of Health." https://www.prusaprinters.org/prints/25857-prusa-face-shield Be all safe, HH prusafaceshield.zip 25857-prusa-face-shield.pdf
  6. A vital area of a commercial product is its price! Accordint to Market Donut website (https://www.marketingdonut.co.uk/marketing-strategy/pricing/seven-ways-to-price-your-product) there are seven ways to price your product. Here is their article. Ask people to pay too much for your product or service and they will stop buying. Ask too little and your profit margin slides or customers assume your product is poor quality. An "optimum price" factors in all your costs and maximises your margins while remaining attractive to customers. Here's how to set your prices Know the market. You need to find out how much customers will pay, as well as how much competitors charge. You can then decide whether to match or beat them. Simply matching a price is dangerous, though - you need to be sure all your costs - both direct and indirect - are covered. Choose the best pricing technique. Cost-plus pricing involves adding a mark-up percentage to costs; this will vary between products, businesses and sectors. Value-based pricing is determined by how much value your customers attach to your product. Decide what your pricing strategy is before making a calculation. Work out your costs. Include all direct costs, including money spent developing a product or service. Then calculate your variable costs (for materials, packaging and so on) - the more you make or sell, the higher these will be. Work out what percentage of your fixed costs (overheads such as rent, rates and wages) the product needs to cover. Add all of these costs together and divide by volume to produce a unit break-even figure. Consider cost-plus pricing. You will need to add a margin or mark-up to your break-even point. This is usually expressed as a percentage of break-even. Industry norms, experience or market knowledge will help you decide the level of mark-up. If the price looks too high, trim your costs and reduce the price accordingly. Be aware of the limitations of cost-plus pricing, because it works on the assumption you will sell all units. If you don't, your profit is lower. Set a value-based price. You'll need to know your market well to set a value-based price. For example, the cost to bring a hairdryer to market might be £10. But you might be able to charge customers £25 if this is the market value. Think about other factors. How will charging VAT have an impact on price? Can you keep margins modest on some products in order to achieve higher margin sales on others? You might need to calculate different prices for different territories, markets or sales you make online. Do you need to allow for possible late payment by customers? Consider your payment terms and keep an eye on your cash flow. Stay on your toes. Prices can seldom be fixed for long. Your costs, customers and competitors can change, so you will have to shift your prices to keep up with the market. Keep an eye on what's going on and talk to your customers regularly to make sure your prices remain optimal.
  7. Dear Louison, thanks for starting this interesting topic. I have to add that DIW technology has many advantages. Among them, the most relevant is the possibility of using a large number of materials. The materials must be in a pasty state, so that during printing, the geometry does not collapse. Another advantage is that the implementation of new materials is easy to perform. Materials are normally loaded into a syringe, and the syringe on the printhead. Another interesting point of this technology is that to perform initial tests it is not necessary to formulate a large amount of material, which is not possible with other AM technologies. This last point is relevant since it opens the possibility of printing materials obtained from recycling.
  8. DIW technology or paste extruding is a additive manufacturing technology that consists in realising the deposition of a pseudo-plastic material called ink creating a Intermediate part called "green" part. This green part is then Sintered in an hoven firstly burning the solvent and then soldering the particles of the ink between each other. The material exits through the nozzle in a liquid-like state but retains its shape immediately, exploiting the rheological property of the materials. However, it could use any kind of “ink” instead of a thermoplasticmaterial. Is it mainly used to manufacture ceramics, metals green parts or for bioprinting processes.
  9. Rocca R., Fumagalli L., Rosa P. (2018) ‘Industry 4.0 solutions for boosting Circular Economy’. In proceedings of the CARE Innovation Conference 2018, pp. , Vienna (Austria)
  10. Rocca R., Rosa P., Sassanelli C., Fumagalli L., Terzi S. (2020) ‘Integrating Virtual Reality and Digital Twin in Circular Economy Practices: A Laboratory Application Case’. Sustainability, Vol. 12 (2286), pp. 1-27, doi:10.3390/su12062286
  11. Rosa P., Sassanelli C., Terzi S. (2018) ‘Circular Economy in action: uncovering the relation between Circular Business Models and their expected benefits’. In proceedings of the XXIII Summer School “Francesco Turco” – Industrial Systems Engineering, pp. 228-235, Palermo (Italy)
  12. Rosa P., Sassanelli C., Terzi S. (2018) ‘Circular Economy in action: uncovering the relation between Circular Business Models and their expected benefits’. In proceedings of the CARE Innovation Conference 2018, pp. , Vienna (Austria)
  13. Sassanelli C., Rosa P., Rocca R., Terzi S. (2019) ‘Circular Economy performance assessment methods: a systematic literature review’. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 229, pp. 440-453, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.05.019
  14. Rosa P., Sassanelli C., Terzi S. (2019) ‘Circular Business Models versus Circular Benefits: An Assessment in the Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipments Sector’. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 231, pp. 940-952, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.05.310
  15. Rosa P., Sassanelli C., Terzi S. (2019) ‘Towards Circular Business Models: A systematic literature review of classification frameworks and archetypes’. Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 236, N. 117696, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.117696
  16. Rosa P., Sassanelli C., Rocca R., Terzi S. (2019) ‘A Review of Circularity Performance Assessment Methods’. In proceedings of the XXIV Summer School “Francesco Turco” – Industrial Systems Engineering, Brescia (Italy)
  17. Rosa P., Sassanelli C., Urbinati A., Chiaroni D., Terzi S. (2019) ‘Assessing relations between Circular Economy and Industry 4.0: a systematic literature review’. International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 58(6), pp. 1662-1687, https://doi.org/10.1080/00207543.2019.1680896
  18. This topic will be exploited to share some training materials on circular economy that we adopted during the FENIX project.
  19. This topic will be exploited to share with you conference and journal papers that we have already published during the FENIX project.
  20. Welcome to our discussion on the topic "Circular Economy" that I will moderate together with my colleagues from the Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering of Politecnico di Milano - Italy. I would like to introduce myself and provide you with some background information on my organisation and activities within the FENIX project: Dr. Paolo Rosa Paolo is a Post-Doc researcher in the Manufacturing Group of Politecnico di Milano, Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering. He got his MSc in Management Engineering from Politecnico di Milano in 2009. He spent three years working as research assistant at Politecnico di Milano and ITIA-CNR in lifecycle simulation, manufacturing business models and end-of-life management areas. Currently, he carries out his research at Politecnico di Milano, by focusing on Product Lifecycle Management and Circular Economy. He has been (and he is still) involved in industrial, regional and European research projects and he won an H2020 project in 2018 (www.fenix-project.eu). He has been (and he is still) involved as teaching assistant in the Industrial Technologies course of Politecnico di Milano. He is co-author of 28 papers published in international journals and 15 papers presented at international conferences. He is co-guest editor of a Special Issue and member of the Editorial Board of the Sustainability journal published by MDPI. He was awarded for the best paper in August 2015 with the Elsevier Atlas Award. POLITECNICO DI MILANO (POLIMI) Politecnico di Milano (http://www.polimi.it/) is the most important technical university in Italy and one of the best in Europe, according to recent rankings. Since 1863, Politecnico di Milano has been active in several scientific and technical fields and will join the project through the Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering (DIG, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Gestionale). This team groups almost 70 researchers, expert on several manufacturing areas (from Manufacturing Strategy, to Sustainable and Energy Efficient Manufacturing, from Human Centric Manufacturing, from Product and Service Development, to Product Lifecycle Management). This team has already coordinated more than 10 European projects in the last 12 years. In FENIX POLIMI serves as WP leader, task leader and dissemination & communication leader. We provide our expertise in management, economics and industrial engineering in specific topics considered by FENIX, as Circular Economy, WEEE management, business models and product-service systems.
  21. Dear all, I am happy to answer your questions that I (or one of my colleagues) have sufficient knowledge and look forward to a lively discussion and fruitful exchange of ideas. Best regards. Paolo Rosa
  22. Link to (old) paper on "Intelligent disassembly of electr(on)ic equipment"
  23. Link to (old) paper on "Robotized Disassembly of Mobile Phones"
  24. Link to rather old paper on "Control of Robotized Disassembly Cells in Electr(on)ics Industry"
  25. Link to rather old paper on "Case study: multi life cycle center [waste electric and electronic equipment recycling]"
  26. Link to paper on "Intelligent Disassembly of components from printed circuit boards to enable re-use and more efficient recovery of critical metals"
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